THIS WEEK IN HISTORY -- points of social context:
July 11, 1905: First meeting of the Niagara Movement, an interracial group whose mission was civil rights.
July 11, 1951: White residents of Cicero, Illinois rioted when in Cicero, Illinois when a black family tried to move into an apartment in an all-white suburb of Chicago.
July 11, 1954: The first official meeting of the White Citizens’ Council convened in Mississippi.
July 11, 1955: The Georgia Board of Education ordered the firing of any teacher supporting integration.
July 11, 1960: Now a banned book,To Kill a Mockingbird was published.
July 11 was a busy day in civil rights history.
July 12, 1948: Hubert Humphrey made a speech in favor of American civil rights at the Democratic National Convention. A controversial act for the time.
July 13, 2013: George Zimmerman was acquitted of the murder of Trayvon Martin, provoking protests across the country.
July 13, 2015: Sandra Bland died in jail. She had been pulled over for a traffic stop in Texas.
July 14, 1955: A Federal Appeals Court overturned bus segregation in Columbia, SC.
NOTE! July 16, 1944: Long before Rosa Parks, Irene K. Morgan (pictured above) rightfully refused to give up her bus seat.
July 17, 2014: Eric Garner died in Staten Island, New York City, after being held in a chokehold by a police officer. Fifteen seconds of violence extinguished his life.